Lasius niger (Linnaeus, 1758) valid
Formica nigra Linnaeus, 1758: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic.
  • [Note: Type-locality Sweden, after Linnaeus, 1761: 427.].
  • Latreille, 1798: 39 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953c: 148 (l.); Hauschteck, 1962: 219 (k.); Imai & Kubota, 1972: 196 (k.).
  • Combination in Lasius: Fabricius, 1804: 415; Mayr, 1861: 49 (in key).
  • Combination in Donisthorpea: Morice & Durrant, 1915: 423; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 200.
  • Combination in Formicina (Donisthorpea): Emery, 1916a: 240.
  • Combination in Acanthomyops: Forel, 1916: 460; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e: 188.
  • Combination in Formicina: Bondroit, 1918: 23.
  • Combination in Lasius (Donisthorpea): Nadig, 1918: 340.
  • Combination in Acanthomyops (Donisthorpea): Ruzsky, 1920: 78; Kiseleva, 1925: 74; Betrem, 1926: 215; Donisthorpe, 1927a: 8; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1063.
  • Combination in Lasius: Wheeler, 1916o: 172; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Stitz, 1917: 349; Menozzi, 1921: 32; Müller, 1923b: 124; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a: 26.
  • Combination in Lasius (Lasius): Ruzsky, 1912: 633; Forel, 1915d: 53; Emery, 1924c: 170; Emery, 1925d: 229; Karavaiev, 1936: 201; Wilson, 1955a: 59.
  • Status as species: Linnaeus, 1761: 427; Scopoli, 1763: 313; Linnaeus, 1767: 962; Fabricius, 1775: 392; Forskål, 1775: xxiii; Fabricius, 1782: 489; Retzius, 1783: 75; Geoffroy, in Fourcroy, 1785: 453; Fabricius, 1787: 308; Razoumowsky, 1789: 225; Christ, 1791: 510; Olivier, 1792: 492; Fabricius, 1793: 352; Latreille, 1798: 39; Fabricius, 1804: 415; Gravenhorst, 1807: 287; Latreille, 1809: 126; Billberg, 1820: 104; Latreille, 1802a: 156; Walckenaer, 1802: 161; Fabricius, 1804: 415; Latreille, 1817a: 99; Lamarck, 1817: 96; Stephens, 1829b: 357; Brullé, 1833: 327; Losana, 1834: 317; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 206; Nylander, 1846a: 920; Smith, 1851: 2; Schenck, 1852: 49; Mayr, 1855: 355 (redescription); Smith, 1855a: 109; Nylander, 1856b: 67; Gredler, 1858: 12; Smith, 1858a: 6, 52; Mayr, 1861: 49 (in key); Meinert, 1861: 318; Roger, 1863b: 11; Mayr, 1863a: 426; Mayr, 1865: 55; Emery, 1869b: 9; Smith, 1871c: 1; Dours, 1873: 165; Smith, 1874b: 403; Forel, 1874: 46 (in key); André, 1874b (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 6; Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Emery, 1878: 47; Emery & Forel, 1879: 452; Mayr, 1880: 25; Saunders, 1880: 208; André, 1882c: 192 (in key); Emery, 1882b: 450; Costa, 1883: 60; White, 1884: 254; Mayr, 1886d: 429; Forel, 1886h: 206; Cresson, 1887: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 22; Forel, 1890b: lxvii; Lameere, 1892: 64; Forel, 1892j: 307; Emery, 1892c: 162; Dalla Torre, 1893: 187; Emery, 1893e: 85; Emery, 1893k: 638; Medina, 1893: 105; Forel, 1894c: 404; Forel, 1895e: 227; Ruzsky, 1896: 71; Saunders, 1896: 25; Forel, 1899b: 127; Forel, 1900h: 269, 285; Wheeler, 1900c: 47; Forel, 1901m: 66; Ruzsky, 1902d: 16; Ruzsky, 1903b: 307; Ruzsky, 1903c: 207; Ruzsky, 1904a: 288; Forel, 1904c: 386; Ruzsky, 1905b: 292; Wheeler, 1906h: 321; Wheeler, 1906j: 352; Wasmann, 1906: 114 (in key); Santschi, 1908: 517; Wheeler, 1908i: 622; Bondroit, 1910: 485; Yano, 1910a: 421; Karavaiev, 1912b: 587; Krausse, 1912c: 165; Stitz, 1914: 84; Emery, 1914c: 159; Ruzsky, 1914a: 61; Ruzsky, 1914b: 105; Forel, 1915d: 53 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 200; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Stitz, 1917: 349; Wheeler, 1917a: 524; Emery, 1916a: 240; Escherich, 1917: 332 (in key); Bondroit, 1918: 23; Nadig, 1918: 340; Menozzi, 1918: 87; Santschi, 1919e: 246; Ruzsky, 1920: 78; Menozzi, 1922c: 331; Kulmatycki, 1922: 80; Soudek, 1922b: 69; Müller, 1923b: 124; Emery, 1924c: 170; Emery, 1925d: 229; Kiseleva, 1925: 74; Ruzsky, 1925a: 287; Santschi, 1925f: 88; Santschi, 1925g: 349; Lomnicki, 1925b: 2; Soudek, 1925b: 16; Wheeler, 1926a: 5; Betrem, 1926: 215; Karavaiev, 1926e: 193; Menozzi, 1926b: 182; Santschi, 1926f: 288; Stärcke, 1926a: 123 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927a: 8; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 229; Karavaiev, 1927a: 300; Karavaiev, 1927d: 280 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e: 347; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e: 188; Menozzi, 1927b: 91; Wheeler, 1927e: 3; Wheeler, 1927g: 118; Lomnicki, 1928: 8; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b: 19; Wheeler, 1928c: 38; Wheeler, 1928d: 120; Wheeler, 1929g: 10; Wheeler, 1929h: 58; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a: 26; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 37; Karavaiev, 1930b: 147; Wheeler, 1930k: 80; Karavaiev, 1931b: 32; Karavaiev, 1931c: 109; Karavaiev, 1931e: 214; Santschi, 1931a: 10; Soudek, 1931: 13; Gösswald, 1932: 53; Santschi, 1932e: 72; Santschi, 1932h: 5; Teranishi, 1932: 52; Arnol'di, 1933a: 602 (in key); Finzi, 1933: 165; Santschi, 1933a: 22; Stitz, 1934: 8; Grandi, 1935: 103; Karavaiev, 1935b: 108; Zimmermann, 1935: 47; Finzi, 1936: 191; Karavaiev, 1936: 201 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1936: 90; Santschi, 1936c: 208; Santschi, 1939c: 5; Kôno & Sugihara, 1939: 10; Teranishi, 1940: 20; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 101 (in key); Eidmann, 1941a: 24; Santschi, 1941: 277; Holgersen, 1943c: 174 (in key); Stärcke, 1944b: 157 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a: 181; Morisita, 1945: 22; Ruzsky, 1946: 69; Van Boven, 1947b: 185 (in key); Forsslund, 1947: 69; Röszler, 1950: 219; Schmitz, 1950: 14; Creighton, 1950a: 420; Azuma, 1950a: 35; Azuma, 1951: 88; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 202; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 44; Azuma, 1953: 4; Azuma, 1955: 80; Wellenius, 1955: 15; Wilson, 1955a: 59 (redescription); Ceballos, 1956: 315; Bernard, 1956b: 261; Smith, 1958c: 148; Bernard, 1959a: 351; Collingwood, 1961a: 71; Collingwood, 1962c: 219; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 63; Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 165; Cagniant, 1964: 92; Cagniant, 1966b: 281; Imai, 1966b: 119; Beck et al., 1967: 70; Bernard, 1967a: 355 (redescription); Yarrow, 1967: 30; Cagniant, 1968a: 146; Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 78; Pisarski, 1969b: 305; Yamauchi & Hayashida, 1970: 503; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970: 87; Collingwood, 1970b: 380; Cagniant, 1970c: 38; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 205; Collingwood, 1971: 165; Banert & Pisarski, 1972: 353; Bourne, 1973: 24; Baroni Urbani, 1974a: 238; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 7 (in key); Hunt & Snelling, 1975: 22; Pisarski, 1975: 33; Tarbinsky, 1976: 134 (redescription); Collingwood, 1976a: 305; Azuma, 1977a: 117; Van Boven, 1977: 144; Kutter, 1977c: 227; Yensen et al., 1977: 184; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 555 (in key); Báez & Ortega, 1978: 189; Collingwood, 1978: 89 (in key); Collingwood, 1979: 99; Francoeur & Snelling, 1979: 6; Smith, 1979: 1436; Yamauchi, 1979: 152; Onoyama, 1980a: 199; Barquín, 1981: 448; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981: 160; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 439; Collingwood, 1981: 27; Allred, 1982: 481; Collingwood, 1982: 287; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 282 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 70; MacKay et al., 1988: 118; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 219; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c: 430; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 36; Morisita et al., 1991: 27; Seifert, 1991b: 71; Seifert, 1992b: 27 (redescription); Wang, 1992: 680; Wu & Wang, 1992c: 1312; Hohmann et al., 1993: 163; Arakelian, 1994: 121; Radchenko, 1994b: 114 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 224; Douwes, 1995: 94; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Tang et al., 1995: 110; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 153; Espadaler, 1997g: 28; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 23 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 216; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002: 12; Czechowski et al., 2002: 100; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 384; Zhang & Zheng, 2002: 219; Karaman & Karaman, 2003: 54; Lin & Wu, 2003: 61; Csősz & Markó, 2005: 227; Karaman & Karaman, 2005: 57; Ward, 2005: 64; Bračko, 2006: 149; Markó et al., 2006: 68; Petrov, 2006: 69, 107 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006: 205; Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 274; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 154; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 234; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 136; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 484; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010: 39; Boer, 2010: 43; Csősz et al., 2011: 58; Karaman, 2011a: 88; Legakis, 2011: 27; Borowiec & Salata, 2012: 503; Czechowski et al., 2012: 253; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 33; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 13; Bharti & Gul, 2013a: 57 (in key); Borowiec, 2014: 88 (see note in bibliography); Bračko et al., 2014: 20; Bharti et al., 2016: 28; Lebas et al., 2016: 220; Radchenko, 2016: 360; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 46; Schär et al., 2018: 6; Seifert, 2018: 273; Seifert, 2020: 63.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius alienoniger: Wilson, 1955a: 59; Bernard, 1967a: 355; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 206; Van Boven, 1977: 144; Kutter, 1977c: 14; Smith, 1979: 1436; Yamauchi, 1979: 152; Onoyama, 1980a: 199; Arakelian, 1994: 122; Bolton, 1995b: 224; Radchenko, 2016: 360.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius emeryi: Wilson, 1955a: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius minimus: Wilson, 1955a: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius nigerrima: Emery, 1892c: 162; Dalla Torre, 1893: 188; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 200; Emery, 1925d: 230; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 229; Karavaiev, 1936: 202; Bolton, 1995b: 224; Radchenko, 2016: 360.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius nitidus: Wilson, 1955a: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius pallescens: Roger, 1859: 238; Mayr, 1861: 49 (in key); Mayr, 1863a: 425; Roger, 1863b: 11; Mayr, 1865: 55; André, 1874c (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 452; Dalla Torre, 1893: 189; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 200; Emery, 1925d: 230; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 229; Karavaiev, 1936: 202; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 205; Bolton, 1995b: 224; Radchenko, 2016: 360.
  • Senior synonym of Lasius transylvanica: Wilson, 1955a: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
  • Current subspecies: nominal plus L. n. pinetorum.
Junior synonyms
Obsolete combinations
Citations

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

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