Formica neoclara Emery, 1893 valid
Formica fusca var. neoclara Emery, 1893k: 661 (w.) U.S.A. (Colorado). Nearctic.
  • Wheeler, 1913i: 509 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1953c: 165 (l.).
  • Combination in Formica (Serviformica): Emery, 1925d: 248.
  • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, 1913i: 509; Emery, 1925d: 248.
  • Subspecies of Formica fusca: Viereck, 1903: 72; Wheeler, 1906g: 20; Wheeler, 1910a: 570; Wheeler, 1913i: 398 (in key); Wheeler, 1917a: 548; Essig, 1926: 866; Cole, 1942: 383; Buren, 1944a: 301; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1944: 261; Smith, 1951c: 864.
  • Status as species: Creighton, 1950a: 535; Smith, 1958c: 157; Beck et al., 1967: 70; Smith, 1967a: 371; Francoeur, 1973: 84 (redescription); Francoeur, 1975: 260; Hunt & Snelling, 1975: 23; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1977b: 13 (in key); Yensen et al., 1977: 185; Francoeur & Snelling, 1979: 4; Smith, 1979: 1454; Allred, 1982: 469; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g: 90; MacKay et al., 1988: 115; Bolton, 1995b: 199; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 352; Ward, 2005: 63.
  • Senior synonym of Formica pruinosa: Francoeur, 1973: 84; Smith, 1979: 1454; Bolton, 1995b: 199.
  • Material of the unavailable name Formica fusca pruinosa lutescens referred here by Creighton, 1950a: 535; Smith, 1958c: 157; Francoeur, 1973: 84; Smith, 1979: 1454; Bolton, 1995b: 199.
Junior synonyms
Citations