Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793 valid
Formica rufibarbis Fabricius, 1793: 355 (w.) FRANCE. Palearctic.
  • Jurine, 1807: 273 (q.m.); Emery, 1909b: 197 (q.m.).
  • Combination in Formica (Serviformica): Forel, 1915d: 64; Ruzsky, 1915b: 13.
  • Synonym of Formica cunicularia: Stephens, 1829b: 357; Mayr, 1863a: 414.
  • [Note: Stephens, 1829b: 357, and Mayr, 1863a: 414, give Formica cunicularia as senior synonym, but Formica rufibarbis has priority.].
  • Subspecies of Formica fusca: Forel, 1874: 54; Emery & Forel, 1879: 451; Mayr, 1886d: 427; Cresson, 1887: 257; Forel, 1889: 256; Mayr, 1889: 279; Forel, 1892j: 307; Lameere, 1892: 63; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 196 (footnote); Forel, 1894c: 403; Forel, 1895f: 457; Ruzsky, 1896: 70; Saunders, 1896: 22; Forel, 1899b: 128; Ruzsky, 1904b: 4; Forel, 1906b: 85; Wheeler, 1908k: 406; Emery, 1909b: 197; Forel, 1909c: 105; Bondroit, 1910: 483; Karavaiev, 1910: 269; Krausse, 1912c: 165; Stitz, 1914: 93; Forel, 1915d: 64; Emery, 1916a: 255; Stitz, 1917: 350; Escherich, 1917: 336 (in key); Santschi, 1919e: 247; Soudek, 1922b: 84; Menozzi, 1922c: 331; Schkaff, 1925b: 276; Gösswald, 1932: 46.
  • Status as species: Fabricius, 1804: 402; Jurine, 1807: 273; Roger, 1863b: 13; Emery, 1869b: 9; André, 1874b: 185 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 7; Emery, 1878a: ix (in list); Emery, 1878: 49; Mayr, 1880: 26; André, 1881c: 59; André, 1882c: 182 (in key); Costa, 1884: 34; Provancher, 1887: 233 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 19; Dalla Torre, 1893: 209; Medina, 1893: 104; Forel, 1895e: 227; Emery, 1898c: 126; Ruzsky, 1902a: 233; Ruzsky, 1902d: 11; Ruzsky, 1902e: 16; Wheeler, 1902f: 947; Ruzsky, 1903b: 303; Ruzsky, 1903c: 206; Bingham, 1903: 335; Forel, 1904c: 384; Ruzsky, 1905b: 385; Wasmann, 1906: 112 (in key); Karavaiev, 1911a: 16; Wheeler, 1913i: 514 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1915b: 12; Forel, 1915d: 64 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 320; Karavaiev, 1916a: 507; Emery, 1916a: 255; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Wheeler, 1917a: 550; Bondroit, 1918: 51; Crawley, 1920b: 178; Santschi, 1921a: 116; Kulmatycki, 1922: 84; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b: 245; Wheeler, 1923c: 4; Müller, 1923b: 140; Finzi, 1923a: 4; Lomnicki, 1925a: 18 (in key); Emery, 1925d: 249; Ruzsky, 1925a: 287; Ruzsky, 1925b: 44; Santschi, 1925g: 353; Karavaiev, 1926e: 198; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1926c: 97; Santschi, 1926f: 289; Stärcke, 1926a: 148 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 368; Karavaiev, 1927a: 302; Karavaiev, 1927d: 286 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e: 346; Menozzi, 1927b: 92; Lomnicki, 1928: 9; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b: 38; Wheeler, 1929g: 10; Karavaiev, 1930b: 148; Stitz, 1930a: 238; Karavaiev, 1931c: 113; Karavaiev, 1931e: 216; Soudek, 1931: 17; Santschi, 1932h: 5; Arnol'di, 1933a: 604 (in key); Grandi, 1935: 104; Karavaiev, 1935b: 109; Karavaiev, 1936: 234 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1936: 92; Stitz, 1939: 355; Menozzi, 1939a: 322 (in key); Holgersen, 1940: 186; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 107 (in key); Röszler, 1942a: 59; Holgersen, 1943c: 176 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a: 191; Ruzsky, 1946: 69; Van Boven, 1947b: 188 (in key); Arnol'di, 1948a: 212 (in list); Röszler, 1950: 215; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1065; Creighton, 1950a: 539; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 198; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 45; Yarrow, 1954a: 231; Ceballos, 1956: 320; Baroni Urbani, 1964a: 7; Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 167; Dlussky, 1965a: 37 (in key); Dlussky, 1967a: 73; Bernard, 1967a: 297 (redescription); Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 90; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 240; Collingwood, 1971: 169; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 163 (redescription); Banert & Pisarski, 1972: 355; Francoeur, 1973: 228; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 6 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 43; Van Boven, 1977: 164; Collingwood, 1978: 94 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 553 (in key); Collingwood, 1979: 128; Dlussky, 1981b: 17; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 286 (in key); Dlussky et al., 1990: 139; Arakelian, 1994: 98; Douwes, 1995: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 202; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Espadaler, 1997g: 28; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 26 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 217; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002: 14; Chang & He, 2002a: 52 (in key); Czechowski et al., 2002: 84; Karaman & Karaman, 2003: 51; Csősz & Markó, 2005: 233; Karaman & Karaman, 2005: 61; Bračko, 2006: 148; Cagniant, 2006: 195; Markó et al., 2006: 68; Petrov, 2006: 70, 112 (in key); Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 301; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 144; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 134; Paknia et al., 2008: 154; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 482; Seifert & Schultz, 2009b: 260 (redescription); Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010: 54; Boer, 2010: 32; Csősz et al., 2011: 59; Karaman, 2011a: 80; Legakis, 2011: 36; Borowiec & Salata, 2012: 496; Czechowski et al., 2012: 215; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 32; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 11; Borowiec, 2014: 78 (see note in bibliography); Bračko et al., 2014: 19; Bharti et al., 2016: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 198; Radchenko, 2016: 306; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 45; Seifert, 2018: 309.
  • Senior synonym of Formica cinereorufibarbis: Bernard, 1967a: 297; Collingwood, 1978: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 203; Seifert, 2002: 266 (in text); Seifert & Schultz, 2009b: 260; Karaman, 2011a: 80; Radchenko, 2016: 306.
  • Senior synonym of Formica defensor: Forel, 1894c: 403; Bingham, 1903: 335; Bolton, 1995b: 203.
  • Senior synonym of Formica fraterna: Forel, 1894c: 403; Bingham, 1903: 335; Emery, 1925d: 250; Karavaiev, 1936: 234; Bolton, 1995b: 203.
  • Senior synonym of Formica nicaeensis: Roger, 1863b: 13; Forel, 1874: 98 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 451; Dalla Torre, 1893: 202 (footnote) ; Bolton, 1995b: 203; Radchenko, 2016: 306.
  • Senior synonym of Formica rufibarbis piligera: Donisthorpe, 1927c: 369; Lomnicki, 1928: 9; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 163; Pisarski, 1975: 43; Bolton, 1995b: 203; Czechowski et al., 2002: 84; Czechowski et al., 2012: 215; Radchenko, 2016: 306.
  • Senior synonym of Formica stenoptera: Roger, 1863b: 13; André, 1874c: 202 (in list); Forel, 1874: 98 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 451; Dalla Torre, 1893: 210; Forel, 1894c: 403; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 320; Emery, 1925d: 250; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 368; Karavaiev, 1936: 234; Stitz, 1939: 355; Yarrow, 1954a: 231; Dlussky, 1967a: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 203; Radchenko, 2016: 306.
Junior synonyms
Obsolete combinations
Current subspecies (nominal plus)
Citations

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

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