Formica candida Smith, 1878 valid
Formica candida Smith, 1878b: 11 (q.) KYRGYZSTAN. Palearctic.
  • [Smith's description is repeated by Bingham, 1903: 335 (footnote).].
  • Junior synonym of Formica gagates: Forel, 1894c: 403.
  • Junior synonym of Formica picea Nylander, 1846: Emery, 1925d: 249; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1967a: 61; Bolton, 1995b: 201.
  • [Note: Formica candida junior synonym of Formica picea Nylander, 1846 (synonymy by Dlussky, 1967a: 61); hence Formica candida treated as first available replacement name for Formica picea Nylander, 1846 (Bolton, 1995b: 192).].
  • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 193; Bolton, 1995b: 192; Espadaler, 1997g: 27; Chang & He, 2002a: 51 (in key); Czechowski et al., 2002: 81; Imai et al., 2003: 57; Seifert, 2004: 35 (redescription); Radchenko, 2005b: 161; Schultz et al., 2006: 203; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 132; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 31; Bharti et al., 2016: 27.
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