Formica polyctena Foerster, 1850 valid
Formica polyctena Foerster, 1850a: 15 (w.q.m.) GERMANY. Palearctic.
  • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1916a: 255; Krausse, 1926b: 115.
  • Junior synonym of Formica rufa: Smith, 1851: 115; Mayr, 1855: 328; Nylander, 1856b: 60; Smith, 1858a: 3; Mayr, 1863a: 420; Roger, 1863b: 12; Smith, 1871c: 1; Dours, 1873: 165; André, 1874c: 202 (in list); Forel, 1874: 98 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 450; Dalla Torre, 1893: 208; Wheeler, 1913i: 425; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 245; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 286; Karavaiev, 1936: 240; Gösswald, 1941: 73; Yarrow, 1955a: 3.
  • Subspecies of Formica rufa: Forel, 1915d: 58 (in key); Emery, 1925d: 253; Lomnicki, 1925a: 23 (in key); Stärcke, 1926a: 150 (in key); Stitz, 1939: 339; Stärcke, 1947: 146 (in text); Van Boven, 1947b: 189 (in key).
  • Status as species: Schenck, 1852: 25; Bondroit, 1917a: 174; Bondroit, 1918: 57; Müller, 1923b: 144; Betrem, 1926: 212; Betrem, 1953: 324 (in key); Betrem, 1960b: 76 (in key); Dlussky, 1967a: 93; Kutter, 1968b: 61; Pisarski, 1969b: 313; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970: 89; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 221; Collingwood, 1971: 168; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 187 (redescription); Banert & Pisarski, 1972: 356; Pisarski, 1975: 49; Van Boven, 1977: 169; Kutter, 1977c: 272; Collingwood, 1978: 94 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 554 (in key); Collingwood, 1979: 144; Douwes, 1979: 187; Mabelis, 1979: 451; Douwes, 1981b: 217; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 287 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 86; Gösswald, 1989: 18; Wu, 1990: 6 (in key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 279; Radchenko, 1994b: 114 (in key); Douwes, 1995: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 201; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 145; Czechowski & Douwes, 1996: 125; Espadaler, 1997g: 28; Gallé et al., 1998: 218; Tinaut & Martínez-Ibañez, 1998d: 37 (in key); Czechowski et al., 2002: 73; Karaman & Karaman, 2003: 50; Csősz & Markó, 2005: 231; Karaman & Karaman, 2005: 60; Bračko, 2006: 147; Markó et al., 2006: 67; Petrov, 2006: 113 (in key); Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 311; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 144; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 233; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 482; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010: 51; Boer, 2010: 27; Csősz et al., 2011: 59; Karaman, 2011a: 81; Borowiec & Salata, 2012: 495; Czechowski et al., 2012: 193; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 32; Borowiec, 2014: 77; Bharti et al., 2016: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 176; Radchenko, 2016: 286; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 44; Seifert, 2018: 322.
  • [Note: Seifert, 2018: 321 reports on Formica polyctena × Formica rufa hybrids.].
  • Senior synonym of Formica major: Radchenko, 2007: 37.
  • [Note: Radchenko, 2007: 37, argues that Formica major is best regarded as a nomen oblitum; therefore Formica polyctena takes priority.].
  • Senior synonym of Formica minor: Betrem, 1960b: 64; Dlussky, 1967a: 93; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 187; Pisarski, 1975: 49; Bolton, 1995b: 201; Czechowski et al., 2002: 73; Karaman, 2011a: 81; Czechowski et al., 2012: 193; Radchenko, 2016: 286.
  • Senior synonym of Formica rufa nuda: Stärcke, 1947: 145 (in text); Dlussky, 1967a: 93; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 187; Bolton, 1995b: 201; Radchenko, 2016: 286.
Junior synonyms
Obsolete combinations
Citations