Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758 incertae sedis in genus, unidentifiable
Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758: 581 (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic.
  • [Note (i): Linnaeus adds that the ants were eating and tearing all foodstuffs to pieces, “consumens & dilacerans omnia cibaria”.].
  • [Note (ii): type-locality Suriname (“Habitat Surinami”), after Fabricius, 1782: 491; Fabricius, 1793: 357.].
  • Combination in Leptothorax: Motschoulsky, 1866: 183.
  • Combination in Monomorium: Emery, inDalla Torre, 1893: 68; Forel, 1895b: 124; Wheeler, 1908b: 160.
  • Combination in Eciton: see note (i), below.
  • Status as species: Linnaeus, 1767: 964; De Geer, 1773: 612; Fabricius, 1782: 491; Retzius, 1783: 76; Fabricius, 1787: 309; Gmelin, 1790: 2801; Christ, 1791: 515; Olivier, 1792: 496; Fabricius, 1793: 357; Latreille, 1802a: 286; Fabricius, 1804: 406; Pohl & Kollar, 1832: 16; Motschoulsky, 1866: 183.
  • Unidentifiable taxon: incertae sedis in Monomorium: Wheeler, 1908b: 160.
  • Unidentifiable taxon: incertae sedis in Myrmicinae: Kempf, 1972b: 260.
  • Unidentifiable to genys; incertae sedis in Formica: Bolton, 1995b: 200.
  • [Note (i): Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758, sensu Pohl & Kollar, 1832: 16, fig. 11, is a Labidus species, hence its combination within Eciton by Mayr, 1886b: 118 (in key); Emery, 1888c: 353, Emery, 1890c: 38, Dalla Torre, 1893: 5, Emery, 1894d: 179, von Jhering, 1894: 381, Emery, 1894l: 45, Emery, 1895d: 258, Forel, 1895b: 120, Emery, 1896a: 1. These are not applicable to Linnaeus’s original concept of the species. Instead they refer to Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758, sensu Olivier, 1792: 496, sensu Pohl & Kollar, 1832: 16, etc., as discussed in Emery, 1896g: 36, Emery, 1896h: 625 (footnote).].
  • [Note (ii): Retzius, 1783: 76, and Fabricius, 1804: 406, give Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758 as a senior synonym of Formica pusilla, but both are unidentifiable. Dalla Torre, 1893: 68; Forel, 1895b: 124, and Wheeler, 1908b: 160, give Formica omnivora Linnaeus, 1758 a combination within Monomorium but there is no evidence that this is correct.].
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