Crematogaster Lund, 1831 valid feminine
Crematogaster Lund, 1831a: 132 Type-species: Formica scutellaris (obsolete combination of Crematogaster scutellaris), by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903: 124.
Junior synonyms
Subgenera
Genus Crematogaster catalogues

Roger, 1863b: 36; Mayr, 1863a: 403; Emery & Forel, 1879: 464 (Europe); Cresson, 1887: 262 (U.S.A.); Dalla Torre, 1893: 79; Emery, 1922c: 130, 137, 137, 138, 139, 140, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157 (Crematogaster (Orthocrema), Crematogaster (Crematogaster), Crematogaster (Decacrema), Crematogaster (Xiphocrema), Crematogaster (Physocrema), Crematogaster (Acrocoelia), Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema), Crematogaster (Atopogyne), Crematogaster (Paracrema), Crematogaster (Oxygyne), Crematogaster (Nematocrema)); Wheeler, 1922: 828, 1022 (Afrotropical, Malagasy); Chapman & Capco, 1951: 86 (Asia); Smith, 1951c: 807 (North America); Kempf, 1972b: 81 (Neotropical); Smith, 1979: 1376 (North America); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 60 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a: 22 (Australia); Brandão, 1991: 338 (Neotropical); Bolton, 1995b: 146; Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 250 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist). [Note: world list of species in subgenus Crematogaster (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166.]

Genus Crematogaster references

Mayr, 1855: 468 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858a: 135 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861: 74 (diagnosis, Europe species key); Mayr, 1865: 22 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a: 103 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870b: 989 (New World species key); Mayr, 1876: 107 (Australia species key); Mayr, 1879: 680 (Asia species key); André, 1883b: 391 (Europe, Algeria species key); Nasonov, 1889: 76 (Russia species key); Forel, 1892l: 528 (Madagascar Crematogaster emmae species group key); Mayr, 1895: 135 (Africa species key); Forel, 1901j: 334 (subgeneric classification); Forel, 1903a: 679 (India, Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903: 124 (diagnosis, India, Sri Lanka, Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 486 (Russian Empire species key); Wheeler, 1910a: 140 (diagnosis); Forel, 1910a: 6 (subgeneric classification); Forel, 1911f: 331 (subgeneric classification); Forel, 1912g: 211 (subgeneric classification); Emery, 1912e: 651 (Palaearctic species key); Forel, 1913l: 1 (subgeneric classification); Santschi, 1913a: 411 (Crematogaster tricolor group, key); Emery, 1914e: 37 (tribe diagnosis (in key)); Emery, 1916a: 156 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918: 112 (France, Belgium species key); Santschi, 1918d: 183 (subgenera key); Mann, 1919: 323 (Solomon Is species key); Arnold, 1920a: 482, 486 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1922c: 127 (Crematogaster diagnosis, subgenera key); Emery, 1922c: 130, 137, 137, 138, 139, 140, 152, 153, 155, 156, 157 (Crematogaster (Orthocrema), Crematogaster (Crematogaster), Crematogaster (Decacrema), Crematogaster (Xiphocrema), Crematogaster (Physocrema), Crematogaster (Acrocoelia), Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema), Crematogaster (Atopogyne), Crematogaster (Paracrema), Crematogaster (Oxygyne), Crematogaster (Nematocrema) diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 150, 661 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Santschi, 1928b: 31 (subgeneric classification); Menozzi, 1930b: 106 (Somalia species key); Santschi, 1930c: 263 (Japan species key); Menozzi, 1933b: 61 (Israel species key); Gallardo, 1934b: 4, 54 (Argentina Crematogaster (Orthocrema), Crematogaster (Neocrema) species keys); Menozzi, 1935a: 112 (Malayo-Papuasian Crematogaster (Orthocrema) species key); Finzi, 1936: 175 (Egypt species key); Santschi, 1937e: 311 (Palaearctic species key); Menozzi, 1939a: 300 (Himalaya, Tibet species key); Donisthorpe, 1941o: 226 (Crematogaster (Physocrema) species key); Cole, 1942: 363 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Buren, 1944a: 288 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Creighton, 1945: 114 (Crematogaster (Rhachiocrema) species key); Enzmann, 1946c: 94 (U.S.A., Crematogaster (Acrocoelia) species key); Creighton, 1950a: 203 (Nearctic species key); Buren, 1959: 91 (Nearctic species revision, key); Fromantin & Soulié, 1961: 92 (subgenera key); Gregg, 1963: 356 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Soulié, 1965: 77 (genera key); Bernard, 1967a: 159 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Buren, 1968b: 91 (U.S.A. species key); Delage-Darchen, 1973: 221 (venation); Brown, 1973b: 161 (subgeneric classification critique); Alayo, 1974: 13 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976: 75 (Kyrgyzstan species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b: 54 (larvae, review, synthesis); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g: 47 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 272 (Balkans species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978: 81 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Allred, 1982: 439 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Collingwood, 1985: 259 (Saudi Arabia species key); Johnson, 1988: 330 (Eastern U.S.A. species key); Dlussky et al., 1990: 242 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 128 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Ogata, 1991b: 124 (diagnosis, Japan); Morisita et al., 1992: 59 (Japan species key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 181 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994: 43 (Armenia species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 346 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995a: 1049 (census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 62 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 328 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996b: 115 (Central Europe species key); Onoyama, 1998: 228 (Japan species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 15 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999: 132 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001a: 73 (China, Guangxi species key); Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 71 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Longino, 2003a: 25 (Costa Rica species key); Bolton, 2003: 66, 237 (diagnosis, synopsis); Radchenko, 2005b: 192 (North Korea species key); Cagniant, 2005: 8 (Morocco species key); Seifert, 2007: 115 (North and Central Europe species key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2008: 1 (Indochinese Physocrema revision, species key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2009a: 17 (Crematogaster (Physocrema) all species revision, key); Terayama, 2009: 177 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009: 146 (south-western Australia species key); Blaimer, 2010: 7, 14 (Madagascar subgenera and Crematogaster (Decacrema) species keys); Eguchi et al., 2011: 14 (diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); Karaman, 2011a: 14 (Southern Europe species key); Blaimer, 2012a: 249 (Madagascar Crematogaster (Oxygyne) species key); Blaimer, 2012b: 34 (Madagascar Crematogaster (Orthocrema) species key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2012: 20 (Crematogaster brevis complex key); Blaimer, 2012c: 52 (revision of subgenera); Blaimer, 2012d: 421 (phylogeny); Blaimer & Fisher, 2013a: 8 (Crematogaster kelleri group key); Blaimer & Fisher, 2013b: 11 (Malagasy subgenera and species group key; Crematogaster degeeri complex key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2014: 61 (Crematogaster fraxatrix group species key); Hosoishi, 2015: 68 (Crematogaster ranavalonae group, Asia species key); Salata & Borowiec, 2015a: 75 (northeast Mediterranean species key); Baccaro et al., 2015: 274 (genus in Brazil); Hosoishi, 2015 (Asian Crematogaster ranavalonae group species revision, diagnosis, key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2015a: 7 (Crematogaster popohana group key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2016a: 567 (Asian Crematogaster (Orthocrema) species key); Feldhaar et al., 2016: 656 (Crematogaster borneensis group key); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 249 (diagnosis); Cantone, 2017: 195 (brief male diagnosis); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2017: 6 (Crematogaster khmerensis group revision, key); Morgan & Mackay, 2017: 24 (North America species key); Fernández & Serna, 2019: 822 (Colombia); Pedraza & Fernández, 2019: 891 (Colombia species key); Sharaf et al., 2019: 31 (Arabia species key); Hosoishi & Ogata, 2019: 6 (Crematogaster rothneyi group species key); Hosoishi, 2020: 760 (Crematogaster ransonneti group key); Heterick, 2021: 166 (Western Australia species key); Ward & Blaimer, 2022: 897 (evolutionary history, biogeography of Crematogaster scutellaris group), 903 (North America species key), 930 (notes on and location of Crematogaster scutellaris group type specimens).

Citations

Extant: 518 valid species, 260 valid subspecies

Fossil: 3 valid species

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