Camponotus Mayr, 1861 valid masculine
Camponotus Mayr, 1861: 35 Type-species: Formica ligniperda (obsolete combination of Camponotus ligniperda), by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903: 347.
  • [Type-species not Formica herculeana, unjustified subsequent designation by Forel, 1914a: 259, repeated in Arnold, 1922: 612.].
  • Camponotus in Formicinae: Mayr, 1861: 35 [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1862: 652 (in key) [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1865: 6 [Formicidae]; Mayr, 1868c: 26 [Formicidae].
  • Camponotus in Camponotinae: Forel, 1878c: 367 [Camponotidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879: 447 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1892k: 223 [Camponotidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893: 171.
  • Camponotus in Camponotinae, Camponotini: Forel, 1886h: 141; Forel, 1893b: 165; Forel, 1895b: 101; Emery, 1895l: 772; Forel, 1899h: 130; Ashmead, 1905c: 384; Wheeler, 1910a: 144; Forel, 1912j: 89; Wheeler, 1915i: 138; Forel, 1917: 250; Arnold, 1922: 610.
  • Camponotus in Formicinae, Camponotini: Bondroit, 1918: 65; Wheeler, 1922: 703; Emery, 1925d: 59; all subsequent authors except the following.
  • Camponotus in Formicinae, Formica genus group: Agosti, 1991: 295.
  • Camponotus as subgenus of Formica: Smith, 1871b: 306.
  • Camponotus as genus: all authors except the entry above.
Junior synonyms
Genus Camponotus references

Mayr, 1861: 35 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863b: 1, 9 (Camponotus, Colobopsis catalogues); Mayr, 1863a: 397, 403 (Camponotus, Colobopsis catalogues); Mayr, 1865: 6, 7 (Camponotus, Colobopsis diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a: 67 (Colobopsis diagnois); Mayr, 1868c: 27 (*Baltic Amber species key); Mayr, 1870a: 373 (Colombia + Panama (= New Granadat) species key); Mayr, 1870b: 941 (Colobopsis species key); Forel, 1874: 38 (Switzerland species key); Mayr, 1876: 58 (Australia species key); Mayr, 1878: 869 (all Dendromyrmex species key (as part of Camponotus)); Forel, 1878c: 367, 368 (Camponotus, Colobopsis diagnoses); André, 1882b: 138 (Europe & Algeria species key); André, 1882c: 159 (Europe & Algeria Colobopsis species key); Cresson, 1887: 255 (U.S.A. Camponotus, Colobopsis catalogue); Provancher, 1887: 228 (Canada species key); Nasonov, 1889: 57 (Russia species key); Forel, 1891c: 71, 216 (Madagascar species key); Forel, 1892k: 223 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 219 (Rhinomyrmex, Mayria, Camponotus catalogues); Emery, 1893k: 667 (North America species key); Forel, 1893c: 435 (India & Sri Lanka Camponotus (Colobopsis) species key); Emery, 1895l: 772 (synoptic classification); Emery, 1896j: 370, 378 (species groups, catalogue); Emery, 1898a: 225 (additions to 1896a catalogue); Emery, 1903 (South America species key); Bingham, 1903: 343, 348 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Colobopsis, Camponotus species keys); Ruzsky, 1905b: 185 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1908a: 183 (Palaearctic Camponotus herculeanus & Camponotus maculatus groups species key); Bondroit, 1910: 486 (Belgium species key); Wheeler, 1910g: 297 (North America species key); Forel, 1914a: 259, 266 (subgenera diagnoses, species listed by subgenus); Stitz, 1914: 94 (Central Europe species key); Santschi, 1915c: 266 (Camponotus (Myrmotrema) species key); Emery, 1916a: 227 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916r: 600 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Mann, 1916: 489 (Dendromyrmex, all species key); Bondroit, 1918 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1920b: 235 (subgenera, diagoses); Emery, 1920d: 8 (Old World Camponotus maculatus group, checklist & key); Wheeler, 1921a: 16 (subgenera, notes); Santschi, 1921f: 310 (subgenera, notes); Mann, 1921: 489, 499 (Fiji Is Camponotus (Myrmogonia) & Camponotus (Colobopsis) species keys); Wheeler, 1922: 704 (subgenera synopsis); Wheeler, 1922: 232, 948, 1039 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Arnold, 1922: 610, 612, 619, 662, 673 (diagnosis, South Africa subgenera synopsis, South Africa Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex), Camponotus (Myrmophyma), Camponotus (Myrmopsamma) species keys); Arnold, 1924: 683, 700, 709, 724, 735 (South Africa Camponotus (Myrmosericus), Camponotus (Myrmamblys), Camponotus (Orthonotomyrmex), Camponotus (Myrmotrema), Camponotus (Myrmepomis) species keys); Emery, 1925e: 62 (Palaearctic Camponotus lateralis group, key); Emery, 1925d: 59 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 69 (Camponotus (Dinomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 70 (Camponotus (Myrmoxygenys) & Camponotus (Myrmopsamma) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1925d: 71 (Camponotus (Camponotus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 75 (Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 104 (Camponotus (Myrmosericus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 107 (Camponotus (Myrmothrix) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 109 (Camponotus (Myrmophyma) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 112 (Camponotus (Myrmosaulus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 114 (Camponotus (Myrmopytia) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 115 (Camponotus (Karavaievia) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 116 (Camponotus (Myrmentoma) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 121 (Camponotus (Mayria) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 123 (Camponotus (Myrmonesites) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 124 (Camponotus (Orthonotomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 126 (Camponotus (Myrmepinotus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 127 (Camponotus (Myrmopiromis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 130 (Camponotus (Myrmotrema) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 133 (Camponotus (Myrmisolepis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 134 (Camponotus (Myrmotarsus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 135 (Camponotus (Myrmoplatys) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 136 (Camponotus (Myrmamblys) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 142 (Camponotus (Rhinomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 143 (Camponotus (Myrmogonia) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 144 (Camponotus (Colobopsis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 151 (Camponotus (Myrmosphincta) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 152 (Camponotus (Myrmaphaenus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 157 (Camponotus (Pseudocolobopsis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 159 (Camponotus (Manniella) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 160 (Camponotus (Hypercolobopsis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 161 (Camponotus (Myrmostenus) & Camponotus (Myrmobrachys) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1925d: 166 (Camponotus (Myrmocladoecus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 167 (Camponotus (Myrmeurynota) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 168 (Camponotus (Myrmodirhachis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 169 (Camponotus (Myrmomalis) & Camponotus (Myrmoplatypus) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1925d: 170 (Camponotus (Myrmepomis) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d: 172 (Dendromyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Santschi, 1926a: 16, 21 (Camponotus (Myrmopelta) diagnosis, species key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 275 (Ukraine species key); Arnol'di, 1933a: 601 (Russia species key); Menozzi, 1933b: 81 (Israel species key); Menozzi, 1935c: 330 (Chile species key); Karavaiev, 1936: 175 (Ukraine species key); Finzi, 1936: 190 (Egypt species key); Menozzi, 1939a: 316 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939: 236 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b: 109 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941: 109 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942: 387 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Donisthorpe, 1942h: 248 (Camponotus (Orthonotomyrmex) notes); Holgersen, 1943c: 174 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944a: 199 (Norway species key); Buren, 1944a: 293 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Creighton, 1950a: 362 (North America species keys); Chapman & Capco, 1951: 220 (Asia checklist); Yasumatsu & Brown, 1951: 29 (Camponotus herculeanus complex); Kusnezov, 1952f: 192 (Argentina species key); Yasumatsu & Brown, 1957: 45 (Camponotus herculeanus complex); Pisarski, 1961: 175 (Poland species key); Gregg, 1963: 655 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 163 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Arnol'di, 1967: 1817 (former U.S.S.R. Camponotus (Camponotus) species key); Bernard, 1967a: 330 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b: 42, 95 (Neotropical catalogue); Hashmi, 1973b: 1 (Camponotus (Myrmothrix) all species revision, key); Alayo, 1974: 27 (Cuba species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975: 117 (Chile species key); Tarbinsky, 1976: 144 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Van Boven, 1977: 130 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977c: 191 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 551 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978: 90 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979: 87 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979: 1424 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982: 445 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 264 (Germany species key); Collingwood, 1985: 275 (Saudi Arabia species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 109 (Australia catalogue); Dumpert, 1986: 571 (Camponotus (Karavaievia) species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g: 60 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 282 (Balkans species key); Taylor, 1987a: 10, 16 (Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand checklists); Snelling, 1988: 57 (Nearctic Camponotus (Myrmentoma) species key); Wang et al., 1989a: 222 (China species key); Dlussky et al., 1990: 125 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 164 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Brandão, 1991: 332 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita et al., 1991: 38 (Japan species key); Terayama, 1991b: 165 (Japan Camponotus (Paramyrmamblys) species); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 207 (Bulgaria species key); Wang & Wu, 1994: 28 (China species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 116 (South Siberia species key); Arakelian, 1994: 82 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1048 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 83, 169 (catalogue); Douwes, 1995: 92 (Sweden species key); Dumpert et al., 1995: 104 (Camponotus (Karavaievia) species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 352 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 168 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 370 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996b: 170 (Central Europe species key); Radchenko, 1996e: 1195 (Asiatic Palaearctic species key); Cagniant, 1996b: 87 (Morocco species key); McArthur & Adams, 1996: 18 (Australia Camponotus nigriceps group, key); MacKay, 1997a: 194 (Camponotus (Myrmostenus) species key); Mackay & MacKay, 1997b: 319 and Snelling, 2000: 607 (Camponotus montivagus complex, keys); Robertson & Zachariades, 1997: 2 (Camponotus fulvopilosus group, key); Snelling & Torres, 1998: 9 (Puerto Rico & Virgin Is species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 24 (Portugal species key); Terayama, 1999b: 27 (Japan species key); Shattuck, 1999: 91 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001a: 200 (China, Guangxi species key); McArthur & Shattuck, 2001: 27 (Australia Camponotus macrocephalus group, key); Czechowski et al., 2002: 153 (Poland species key); Fernández, 2002a: 58 (Camponotus (Dendromyrmex) diagnosis, all species revision, key); Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 248 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Shattuck & McArthur, 2002: 65 (Australia Camponotus wiederkehri group key); Bolton, 2003: 112 (synopsis); Shattuck, 2005: 3 (Camponotus aureopilus group key); Radchenko, 2005b: 188 (North Korea species key); Hansen & Klotz, 2005: 75 (North American "Carpenter Ants" key); Snelling, 2006: 96 (U.S.A. Camponotus festinatus complex, key); Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 29 (India species, key); Dumpert et al., 2006: 77 (Camponotus (Karavaievia) species, keys); Seifert, 2007: 152 (North and Central Europe species key); McArthur, 2007b: 290 (Australia species key); Shattuck & Janda, 2009: 252 (Camponotus aureopilus group key); Mackay & Delsinne, 2009: 496 (New World Camponotus maculatus complex, key); Terayama, 2009: 216 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009: 60 (south-western Australia species key); Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009: 59 (Israel species key); McArthur, 2010: 18 (south Australia species key); McArthur, 2012: 9 (Camponotus (Colobopsis) species review); Czechowski et al., 2012: 380 (Poland species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012: 44 (Fiji species key); Bharti & Wachkoo, 2014a: 7 (Shivalik hills of Indian Himalaya species key); Clouse et al., 2016: 139 (Micronesia species); Rakotonirina et al., 2017: 203 (key to Malagasy Camponotus grandidieri and niveosetosus species groups); Rasoamanana et al., 2017: 119 (Malagasy Camponotus (Myrmopytia) species key); Cantone, 2017: 151 (brief male diagnosis); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 14 Camponotus (Mayria) species key); Zettel et al., 2018: 129 (Camponotus (Myrmamblys) species key SE Asia); Salata et al., 2019: 89 (key to kiesenwetteri group); Fernández & Ortiz-Sepúlveda, 2019: 732 (Colombia); Mackay & MacKay, 2019: 744 (Colombia species key); Salata et al., 2020: 547 (key to samius group)

Citations

Extant: 1,045 valid species, 451 valid subspecies

Fossil: 31 valid species

More statistics